H1N1 (Swine Flu)
Click here to download 2010 Flu Information from the San Joaquin Public Health Department
Click here for information on the H1N1 Vaccine (Available in many languages)
Click here to download a H1N1/Seasonal Flu Letter from the San Joaquin County Office of Education - 10.23.09
Click here to download information on cold vs flu symptoms
Click here to download information on how to care for a sick person
Click here to download information on the H1N1 and Seasonal Flu Vaccines
Click here to download information on H1N1 from SJ County Public Health Services
Click here to download the new CDC Guidelines for Responses to Influenza
Click here to download a letter to parents regarding the H1N1 Flu (English and Spanish)
Click here to download the CDC H1N1 and Seasonal Flu Guide for Parents
Click here to download the CDC H1N1 and Seasonal Flu Guide for Parents in Spanish
Click here to download an Influenza Screening Tool (English and Spanish)
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has fact sheets on preventing the flu and good health habits can help stop germs.
Frequently Asked Questions Regarding H1N1 (Swine Flu)
What are the symptoms of H1N1?
The symptoms of H1N1 in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include:
- Sore throat
- Body aches
- Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with swine flu
- In the past, severe illness (pneumonia and respiratory failure) and deaths have been reported with H1N1 Flu infection in people. Like seasonal flu, H1N1 Flu may cause a worsening of underlying chronic medical conditions.
How serious is the H1N1 infection?
Like seasonal flu, H1N1 Flu in humans can vary in severity from mild to severe.
How do you catch H1N1 Flu?
Spread of H1N1 can occur through contact with a person with H1N1. Human-to-human spread of H1N1 Flu has been documented also and is thought to occur in the same way as seasonal flu. Influenza is thought to spread mainly person-to-person through coughing or sneezing of infected people.
Are there medicines to treat H1N1?
Yes. CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza) for the treatment and/or prevention of infection with these H1N1 influenza viruses. Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. If you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications. For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started soon after getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms).
How long can an infected person spread H1N1 flu to others?
People with H1N1 influenza virus infection should be considered potentially contagious as long as they are symptomatic and possible for up to 7 days following illness onset. Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods.
Types of Flu
Don't be confused by the different types of flu in the news.
- Seasonal Flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses.
- H1N1 Flu - See our fact sheet.
- Avian Flu is deadly to domestic fowl. Very rarely it can be transmitted from birds to humans.
- Pandemic Flu is flu that causes a global outbreak, or pandemic, of serious illness that spreads easily from person to person. Currently there is no pandemic flu.
What can I do to protect myself from getting sick?
There is no vaccine available right now to protect against H1N1 Flu. There are everyday actions that can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like influenza. Take these everyday steps to protect your health:
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
- Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective.
- Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
- If you get sick with influenza, CDC recommends that you stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them. Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.
What should I do if I get sick?
If you become ill with influenza-like symptoms, including fever, body aches, runny nose, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting or diarrhea, you may want to contact their health care provider, particularly if you are worried about your symptoms. Your health care provider will determine whether influenza testing or treatment is needed.
If you are sick, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people as much as possible to keep from spreading your illness to others.
If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs, seek emergency medical care.
In children emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
- Fast breathing or trouble breathing
- Bluish skin color
- Not drinking enough fluids
- Not waking up or not interacting
- Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
- Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
- Fever with a rash
In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
- Sudden dizziness
- Severe or persistent vomiting
Can I get H1N1 influenza from eating or preparing pork?
No. H1N1 influenza viruses are not spread by food. You cannot get H1N1 influenza from eating pork or pork products. Eating properly handled and cooked pork products is safe.